it's not just afghanistan where women live in fear for their lives, of course.
the Organization for Women's Freedom in Iraq also operates safe houses, for women in fear due to the increased threat of "honor killings".
i encourage you to follow the link in that article to the full report from 2007 on the link between the civil war in iraq and violence against women. it reiterates the truth of what we see played out in war-torn countries all over the world: "Because of women's role in cultural and biological reproduction, they are often perceived as symbols of group identity. As such, they are specifically targeted in times of communal violence. In 2003, OWFI began reporting cases of 'Islamic groups taking revenge on each other by raping women.' "
women bear the brunt of war on their shoulders.